HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus that attacks the immune system, leaving individuals with HIV more susceptible to infections and diseases. HIV can lead to AIDS, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, which is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Here are 10 common symptoms of HIV:
1. Flu-like symptoms
Many people experience flu-like symptoms within the first few weeks of HIV infection, including fever, fatigue, muscle aches, and sore throat.
A rash can occur on the skin as a result of HIV infection, and may be accompanied by itching. The rash may be red, bumpy, or raised, and may appear on the face, chest, or upper body.
3. Night sweats
People with HIV may experience night sweats, which are excessive sweating that occurs during sleep.
4. Swollen lymph nodes
HIV can cause the lymph nodes, which are part of the immune system, to become swollen and tender. Swollen lymph nodes may be felt in the neck, armpits, or groin.
5. Mouth sores
HIV can cause painful sores or lesions to appear in the mouth. These sores may be red or white and can be accompanied by a burning sensation.
6. Yeast infections
HIV can increase the risk of yeast infections, which are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida. Symptoms may include itching, burning, and discharge.
HIV can cause diarrhea, which is the frequent passage of loose, watery stools. Diarrhea may be accompanied by abdominal pain and cramping.
8. Weight loss
People with HIV may experience weight loss as a result of the virus, as well as due to other factors such as diarrhea, malnutrition, and the side effects of antiretroviral medication.
9. Shortness of breath
HIV can cause inflammation in the lungs, leading to shortness of breath and difficulty breathing.
10. Persistent cough
HIV can cause persistent cough and chest pain, which may be a sign of an underlying infection.
It is important to note that many of these symptoms can be caused by other conditions, and they may not necessarily be indicative of HIV infection. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or are concerned about your risk of HIV infection, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment