Isabel Perón became the first female president of Argentina in 1974. She succeeded her husband, Juan Perón, who died while in office. Although her tenure was short-lived, she was a pioneer for women in politics.
Khaleda Zia became the first female prime minister of Bangladesh in 1991. She served two non-consecutive terms in office and was known for her efforts to improve the country’s economy.
Michelle Bachelet was the first female president of Chile, serving two non-consecutive terms in office from 2006 to 2010 and 2014 to 2018. She was also the first head of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.
Angela Merkel became the first female chancellor of Germany in 2005. She has been in office for over a decade and is known for her leadership during the European financial crisis.
Indira Gandhi became the first female prime minister of India in 1966. She served a total of four terms in office and was known for her role in the Green Revolution, which helped to increase food production in India.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf became the first female president of Liberia in 2006. She served two terms in office and was known for her efforts to rebuild the country after years of civil war.
Corazon Aquino became the first female president of the Philippines in 1986. She was known for her role in the People Power Revolution, which helped to overthrow the authoritarian regime of Ferdinand Marcos.
8. South Korea
Park Geun-hye became the first female president of South Korea in 2013. She was impeached in 2017 on charges of corruption and abuse of power.
9. United Kingdom
Margaret Thatcher became the first female prime minister of the United Kingdom in 1979. She served three terms in office and was known for her conservative policies and leadership during the Falklands War.
While women have faced significant obstacles when it comes to holding positions of power, there have been several women throughout history who have shattered these barriers and become leaders of their respective countries. These women have paved the way for future generations of women to pursue careers in politics and work towards creating a more equal society.
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